Mining The Resources
Minding the future
Эрдсийг эрдэнэст
Ирээдүйг өндөр хөгжилд
Recent news
 Creation of the ‘Mongolian Coal’ brand The bill on the Sovereign Wealth Fund will be discussed at the autumn session of Parliament. As the government supports, its approval without much objection is expected. The main point is that the structure, management, executive management, board of directors, operating strategy, and direction of the state-owned company, Erdenes Mongolia , is clearly stated in the bill.
G. Erdenetuya: The mineral industry can attract foreign investors with mutual understanding G. Iderhangai of The Mongolian Mining Journal interviewed G. Erdenetuya, Executive Director of the Mongolian National Mining Association.
Coal export revenues set a new record The National Statistics Office reported that the total foreign trade turnover of our country as of August 15 this year reached $12.2 billion, an increase of 28.8% compared to the same period last year.
Mining Week and the confidence of investors For the first time, representatives of the mining industry gathered at the Shangri-La Hotel for an entire week (19-23 September). Prime Minister L. Oyun-Erdene concluded by saying that there would be no recommendations or appeals from "Mining Week," but that we would discuss practical solutions and see the results of our work at next year's conference.
O. BATNAIRAMDAL: 100% digitization of the licensing process is a completely new step digital and transparent exploration license issuance is a major reform G. Iderkhangai, a columnist for the Mongolian Mining Journal, spoke with O. Batnairamdal, Deputy Minister of Mining and Heavy Industry
A real step forward for the coal industry In the summer days while the war between Russia and Ukraine continued and China and Taiwan were on the brink of an armed conflict, Mongolia’s neutral foreign policy caught the world’s attention.  During his short visit (5 July) to Mongolia, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov concluded that “the positions of our two countries in the international sphere coincide.” UN Secretary-General Antуnio Guterres said: “I am happy to visit Mongolia, which is a symbol of peace at a time when peace and tranquility are becoming increasingly rare in the world. Mongolia’s declaration of a nuclear-weapon-free zone is a bold step.” His visit to our country and his speech (08-11 August) raised Mongolia’s image in the international arena.
ASM PARTNERSHIPS WHO RECEIVE TRAINING FROM PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS ARE ELIGIBLE FOR CONDUCTING ARTISANAL MINING What is the current state of the small-scale mining industry? ASM regulation which was approved by the Government Resolution No. 151 in 2017, has been suspended by Government Resolution No. 355 in 2019. As a result of this later resolution, state agencies, local governments were not able to assess and allocate land for ASM, no new contracts were made with ASMrs. In fact, the resolution No 355 provided a direction not to support ASM and basically ASM activities were stopped for three years.
Experts always point out that early planning and implementation of mine closure and rehabilitation can reduce risks and costs during mine closure. The Salkhit Mine Closure Plan Pilot (the Project) jointly implemented by “Mongolia: Enhancing Resource Management through Institutional Transformation” (MERIT) project funded by the Government of Canada and Erdenes Silver Resources LLC emphasizes the importance of conducting closure planning from the early stages of mining operation. The key stakeholders meeting was organized to provide progress update on Stage 2 Salkhit Mine Closure Plan pilot project, the stakeholder engagement strategy, and the environmental field studies conducted at Salkhit mine site on 26 August 2022.
Эрдэнэт ТӨҮГ, баяжуулах үйлдвэрийнхээ хүдэр боловсруулах хүчин чадлыг 6 сая тонноор нэмэгдүүлжээ Эрдэнэт ТӨҮГ, баяжуулах үйлдвэрийнхээ өөрөө нунтаглах хэсэгт жилд 6 сая тонн хүдэр боловсруулах хүчин чадалтай өргөтгөлийн 4-р шугамыг ашиглалтад хүлээн авчээ. Энэ сарын 26- нд уг өргөтгөлийн шугамыг хүлээн авах Улсын комисс Эрдэнэт үйлдвэрт ажилласан байна.
N.Tserenbat:  The future of Oyu Tolgoi depends on well educated and skilled Mongolians G.Iderkhangai,  editor for The Mongolian Mining Journal, spoke with N.Tserenbat, CEO of Erdenes Oyu Tolgoi LLC. The members of the working group shared their views on many issues, and some progress is being made You were appointed by the Board of Directors of Erdenes Oyu Tolgoi LLC (1 October 2021) as the CEO of the company. In the subsequent eight months, shareholders have made a number of major decisions. As a result of the agreement reached between the government working group and the Temporary Committee on one side and the investors on the other side, the Oyu Tolgoi underground mine finally began production after 26 months. As the CEO of a state company that owns 34% of the Oyu Tolgoi project, how would you assess the work you have done in this short period?
The State Austerity Law hits the centenary of the mining industry The Standing Committee on State Structure of the Parliament (15 June 2022) approved a resolution to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the establishment of State Control in Mongolia. The anniversary this year will be celebrated in accordance with the Austerity Law, which was approved by the Parliament on 29 April and officially became effective on 16 May. However, this historic anniversary could be “suppressed” by the Austerity Law, and nothing special will happen until the autumn. It appears that the government treats such events as an additional economic burden although these sectors carry the country’s economy on their back.
B. Tsengel: It’s time to reform state-owned companies G.Iderkhangai of The Mongolian Mining Journal, spoke to B. Tsengel, Director of the Government Agency for Policy Coordination on State Property and Regulation (PCSP), about current issues facing state-owned companies. We will establish a unified reporting mechanism for state-owned and partial state-owned legal entities No major changes have been made to the Law on State Property since its enactment in 1996. The law is expected to be changed. What principal changes will be made? First of all, my greetings to the readers of your magazine. Since 1990, Mongolia has moved from a centrally planned to a market economy, allowing many forms of ownership. Subsequently,
What can Mongolia learn from Zambia?  A recent study compared the investment climate between Mongolia, Zambia. Chile and Australia. It is not surprising that the latter two mining giant countries are far ahead of us in terms of mining investment and other related indicators. But don’t be surprised if Zambia stands higher than us.  It is very difficult to compare Zambia and Mongolia generally. The average person may imagine that Zambia is about a herd of elephants grazing on the African plain, while Mongolia is thought of as full of horses on the bitter cold steppe. Both are great scenery, but very different.
‘Revenge’ of Oil Oil’s position is getting stronger despite the green transition. We thought that cheap oil would gradually work itself out of the global energy market through green policies, and decreased revenue for oil producers would follow. But the reverse is currently the case. Oil is regarded as a dirty fuel, and the enemy of nature due to its impact on climate change.  But now, its positioning looks very attractive. All countries are eager for oil. It is quite certain that only sufficient oil will ease global inflation. Major oil producers are now key global actors.  The EU’s determination to reverse dependence on Russian fossil fuels (oil, gas, and coal) is only exacerbating these circumstances. Currently, the EU is discussing its sixth package of economic sanctions against Russia. However, they are divided on whether a total embargo on oil will happen despite announcing the ‘RepowerEU’ plan to entirely cut Russian energy imports within five years. i.e. by 2027.
A. BILGUUN: BUILDING AN INDUSTRIAL-SCALE GOLD SECTOR WITH MINIMUM ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT BY USING HARD-ROCK DEPOSITS Gold exports have risen sharply in the last two years and reached more than a billion dollars. Gold exports are expected to get a big share in total exports again this year, offsetting the inevitable decline in exports of coal and other minerals. B. Tugsbilegt, reporter of MMJ, talked to A.Bilguun, Vice President for Business Development of Erdene Resource  Development Corporation, about what Mongolia should pay attention to support the gold sector in the future. Global gold prices are rising. Do you think the high prices would have a positive effect on the Mongolian economy? What can a country like Mongolia, seeking economic recovery, do to take full advantage of favorable market conditions? The recent rise in gold prices is unlikely to have a positive effect on Mongolia. First, the rising gold prices mean high inflation around the world. For Mongolia, which imports most of its consumer goods, this is affecting costs.
STATE-OWNED COMPANIES WILL COMPLETELY CHANGE The Ministry of Finance and the Government Agency for Policy Coordination on State Property and Regulation (GAPCSP) are very busy with frequent visits to Erdenet and Darkhan. After the Khutul’s “Cement and Lime” plant was taken over by the state, the government renewed the charter of Erdenes Mongol company and terminated the concession agreement with QMC of the Darkhan Metallurgical Plant. The new management team of Khutul’s “Cement and Lime” State Joint Stock Company promised to launch an IPO in 2023 and turn the company into a listed, publicly controlled and open joint stock company. Before that, the company needs to finish paying all taxes to the government. However, the Darkhan Metallurgical Plant, which wasn’t able to build a mining and metallurgical complex for eight years, is now owned by the state, along with the strategically important Tumurtei, Tumurt-Ovoo and Khustai deposits.
J.Zoljargal:  Rising energy prices will expand Mongolia’s coal potential Even though the price of coal is reaching its peak in the international market and drives the growth of our country’s exports, there are still delays to process shipments at the border due to the pandemic. At the same time, a number of Mongolia’s commodity export railways are being finished. Journalist from MMJ, B.Tugsbilegt, spoke with J. Zoljargal, the Executive Director of the Mongolian Coal Association. Rising coal prices show that there is great opportunity, but Mongolia’s coal exports are still declining. In the first two months of the year, coal exports were 3 million tonnes less than in the same period last year. At the time of the mining boom, there was speculation that our country would reach the level of Canada and Australia. The difference is that they have a market with multiple direct access routes to the sea, whereas our market is very small and has a very poor logistics system.
Joint ‘starving game’ The West is set to refuse Russian cheap, high quality commodities. And Russia thirsts for western materials. This is a game of ‘let’s starve together’. When a small economy is hit by sanctions from a big economy, the small economy is usually expected to compromise. But when there are sanctions between bigger economies, mutual retaliation aggravates the situation.  There is no sign of any joint compromise between our northern neighbor and western parties. These hard days are indicating the bleak outlook for this and coming years.
An independent law is needed for developing the extractive industry report The Mongolia’s Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) 2020 report has been released. Due to the pandemic in 2020, the report was based only on 60 companies engaged in gold, copper and coal production. This is the 15th report prepared by Mongolia since joining the initiative. Grant Thornton Audit LLC was appointed as the Independent Administrator for the report. The company prepared a reconciliation report of the material payments made by companies to the Government in 2020 and the revenue stream received by the Government in accordance with the EITI 2020 standards between 6 August 2021 and 25 November 2021.
“We will be working to promote Canadian Green Mining solutions and initiatives in Mongolia” The global mining sector feels that it has to make ‘green transition’ more rapidly despite the world economy is suffering difficulties due to the pandemic. Canada is regarded as one of the best players in terms of sustainable mining. MMJ’s B. Tugsbilegt talks to Catherine E. Ivkoff, Ambassador of Canada to Mongolia, about the two countries’ cooperation opportunities in the green mining field and other issues.  Could you please introduce yourself briefly to our readers at the beginning of our interview? Thank you for inviting me to this interview. I am pleased to talk with you. I arrived in Mongolia in December 2019 to begin my assignment as Ambassador of Canada.
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